Case 4.1, Item 1
Head tax certificates were required by Chinese-Canadians to prove they had paid the government-enforced head tax, or in some cases to prove they had been exempt from the tax. The Canadian government has since apologized for the racist policy, but head tax certificates remain a powerful symbol of the struggles of early Chinese-Canadians. This certificate, for Lee Chew Bin, is one of five certificates held in the Chung Collection.
This image appears courtesy of the UBC Library Vault.